News articles classified as infrastructure

Big cities foster economic segregation

Cellphone data show that most people in big cities do not interact with others outside their own socioeconomic bracket, but locating meeting places between neighborhoods could help change that.

Tool for rapid analysis of flood adaptation options

In a test of their new analysis tool, researchers show where “moving up” or “moving over” may make the most sense for those affected by the 2022 Pakistan flood, and what costs it would entail.

Stanford-led WastewaterSCAN project adds six new disease targets

Pioneering epidemiology project WastewaterSCAN has added parainfluenza, rotavirus, adenovirus group F, enterovirus D68, Candida auris, and hepatitis A to the list of infectious diseases it can monitor for public health. Its monitoring roster already included COVID-19, RSV, Mpox, influenza A and B, human metapneumovirus (HMPV), and norovirus.

Resilient power grids

Stanford research finds low-income communities in California face a “wildfire safety deficit” as a result of longstanding policies about who should pay to move power lines underground.

Advancing electrification through grid coordination

For making the complex electric grids of tomorrow reliable, improved coordination of demands and resources can accomplish more at far less expense than widespread and costly infrastructure upgrades, a new study shows.

Dams and food security

Analysis finds that dammed reservoirs could store more than 50% of the water needed to irrigate crops without depleting water stocks or encroaching on nature. The researchers caution against building new dams, however, and urge consideration of alternative storage solutions.

Charging cars at home at night is not the way to go

The move to electric vehicles will result in large costs for generating, transmitting, and storing more power. Shifting current EV charging from home to work and night to day could cut costs and help the grid, according to a new Stanford study.

Next-gen battery solutions

A new mathematical model has brought together the physics and chemistry of highly promising lithium-metal batteries, providing researchers with plausible, fresh solutions to a problem known to cause degradation and failure.

When will California’s San Joaquin Valley stop sinking?

A Stanford University study simulates 65 years of land subsidence, or sinking, caused by groundwater depletion in California’s San Joaquin Valley. The results suggest significant sinking may continue for centuries after water levels stop declining but could slow within a few years if aquifers recover.

Small modular reactors produce high levels of nuclear waste

Small modular reactors, long touted as the future of nuclear energy, will actually generate more radioactive waste than conventional nuclear power plants, according to research from Stanford and the University of British Columbia.