The longest-term recommendation of the latest Decadal Survey of the National Academies is the Next Generation Very Large Array (NGVLA). Pictured above is the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array west of Socorro, New Mexico. The NGVLA would replace this with a new array that would cover most of the continental U.S., taking advantage of modern computing to combine this into a single telescope thousands of miles across. (Image credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF, Jeff Hellerman)