Climate change

Gauging trees’ potential to slow global warming

By analyzing decades of experiments, the researchers mapped the potential of carbon dioxide to increase forest biomass by the end of the century, when atmospheric concentrations of the gas could nearly double. This, in turn, will enable plants and trees to store more carbon.

Mountain guardian wins Bright Award

Aisha Khan, winner of the 2019 Stanford Bright Award, combats climate change while promoting economic resilience in the high-altitude mountain regions of Pakistan.

Does climate change cause armed conflict?

As global temperatures climb, the risk of armed conflict is expected to increase substantially, according to experts across several fields. Extreme weather and related disasters can damage economies, lower farming production and intensify inequality.

How deep-ocean vents fuel massive phytoplankton blooms

A new study suggests vents in the seafloor may affect life near the ocean’s surface and the global carbon cycle more than previously thought. It’s the first to show how iron rising from beneath Earth’s crust stimulates massive phytoplankton blooms.

Counterintuitive climate solution

Cattle are among the agricultural and industrial emitters of methane, a powerful driver of global warming. Stanford researchers have outlined a seemingly counterintuitive approach to removing the gas from the atmosphere.

Mapping microbial symbioses in forests

Data collected from over 1 million forest plots reveals patterns of where plant roots form symbiotic relationships with fungi and bacteria.

What happens when schools go solar?

Rooftop solar projects at schools could reduce harmful air pollution, help the environment and enhance student learning while cutting electricity costs, a new study finds.