Stanford University News Service



CONTACT: Kathleen O'Toole, News Service (650) 723-2558;

COMMENT: Ronald Hilton, Hoover Institution (415) 322-2026 ; e-mail:

CONTACT: Stanford University News Service (650) 723-2558

Hague, Washington officials to participate in conference on war crimes

STANFORD -- A conference on war crimes and criminals marking the 50th anniversary of the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials will be held at Stanford University Oct. 10-12. Members of U.S. prosecuting teams at both trials will participate, as will Justice Richard Goldstone, chief prosecutor of the current Hague International Court on War Crimes.

Scholars from 14 Stanford divisions and speakers from other educational institutions, government agencies and organizations will participate. The conference was organized by the California Institute of International Studies, an independent organization of people interested in foreign affairs founded by Ronald Hilton, a Stanford professor emeritus and visiting scholar at the Hoover Institution.

The conference begins Thursday, Oct. 10, with a 2 p.m. discussion of Nazi Germany and an evening session with documentary films and a discussion of the role of the media in reporting on war crimes and trials.

Sessions on Friday, Oct. 11, will deal with bombing of Guernica in the Spanish Civil War and with the current civil war in the Basque region of Spain; the Nuremberg and Tokyo war crime tribunals after World War II; war crimes in the Soviet Union and in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War. Daniel Ellsberg, who released the Pentagon Papers and former Congress Paul McCloskey Jr., who opposed the Vietnam War, will participate in the discussion of Southeast Asia along with Douglas Pike, the director of the Indochina Archives at the University of California-Berkeley.

In addition to Bosnia and Rwanda, Saturday sessions will center on Kashmir, the Middle East and Latin America. A luncheon at the Bechtel International Center on Saturday will honor Justice Goldstone and founders of Stanford's Latin American Studies program.

Registration before Sept. 30 is $30 for the entire conference including receptions and the luncheon. Registration for Saturday sessions costs $15, and there is a $10 charge for attending any single session. (Later registrations of each type are $5 more.) To register, send checks to Ronald Hilton, Hoover Institution, Stanford, CA 94305-6010 or contact him via e-mail at or Natasha Minsker at

Sessions will be in the CERAS Auditorium, with the exception of the 4 p.m. session on Saturday, which will be held in Kresge Auditorium. Parking is available in a lot at Mayfield Avenue and Lagunita Drive.

The tentative agenda follows:

THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10 (Registration begins at 1 p.m. at the CERAS Auditorium.)

2 p.m. Nazi Germany
Bavaria in the 1930s will be described by Ronald Hilton, Stanford professor emeritus. Lewis Gann, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, will discuss collective German guilt about the Nazi era.

4 p.m. Reception

7.30 p.m. The Role of the Media
Stanford Communication Professor James V. Risser will introduce a documentary film of the Nuremberg Trial that will be discussed by Marc Ferro, professor of history at the University of Paris.


9 a.m. The Spanish Civil War: Guernica and Its Aftermath
The Spanish civil war will be discussed by Norman Sacks, professor emeritus of Spanish at the University of Wisconsin; Brian Crozier, a British historian and journalist who is a distinguished visiting fellow at Hoover; and David Pike, distinguished professor of contemporary history and political science at American University of Paris.

10 a.m. The Nuremberg War Tribunal
David Pike of the American University of Paris will give the background to the trials. Siegfried Ramler and Edith Coliver, who were translators at the Nuremberg Trial, will discuss the perspectives of trial witnesses.

11 a.m. Soviet War Crimes
Richard Lane, a Russian specialist on the faculty of San Jose State University, will discuss civil-war era crimes. Robert Conquest, senior research fellow at Hoover, will discuss the Stalin era, and Michael McFaul, Stanford assistant professor of political science, will discuss the post-Soviet period.

2 p.m. East Asia: The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal
Stanford history Professor Peter Duus will present background. Kurt Steiner, a Stanford professor emeritus of political science who was a prosecutor at the trial, will provide an eyewitness account, and Harry Wu, a Chinese human rights activist and research fellow at Hoover Institution, will discuss China today.

4 p.m. Southeast Asia
The Vietnam War era will be covered in a discussion by Douglas Pike, director of the Indochina Archives at UC-Berkeley; Daniel Ellsberg, the former U.S. official who leaked the the Pentagon Papers; former Congressman Paul N. McCloskey Jr.; and K "Casey" Cordes, a former administrator of the Marshall Islands

5 p.m. Timothy Wirth, undersecretary of state for global affairs, will speak on "Thinking About the 21st Century."

7 p.m. U.S. Policy Toward War Crimes
Hoover Fellow Henry Rowen, a deputy secretary of defense during the Persian Gulf War, will lead a discussion with Timothy Wirth, undersecretary for global affairs at the State Department, and a second speaker.


9 a.m. South Asia
Glynn Wood, academic dean of the Monterey Institute of International Studies, will discuss the viability of Kashmir as a state.

10 a.m. The Middle East
Paul Rich of the University of the Americas, Mexico, will present background to the current situation in the Middle East; Rabbi Ari Cartun, former director of Stanford's Hillel Center, will present a Jewish viewpoint, and Khalil Barhoun, Stanford lecturer in linguistics, will provide a Palestinian view.

11 a.m. Africa
Two scholars of African politics ­ Professors David Abernethy of Stanford and Stephen Stedman of Johns Hopkins ­ will discuss Africa with Eric Stover, director of the Institute for Human Rights at UC-Berkeley, and Catherine Bonnet, professor of psychiatry at the University of Paris.

Noon. Luncheon at Bechtel International Center

2 p.m. Latin America
Fernando Alegría, Stanford professor emeritus of Spanish, will focus on Chile; David Scott Palmer of Boston University will discuss Andean countries; and JoAnn Aviel of San Francisco State University will discuss Central America.

3 p.m. Ex-Yugoslavia
Bosnian news correspondents Michael Montgomery and Natka Buturovic will discuss that region's problems with Eric Stover, director of the Institute for Human Rights at UC-Berkeley, and Eric Markusen of Minnesota Southwest State University.

4 p.m. The International War Crimes Tribunals
William B. Gould IV, chairman of the National Relations Labor Board and a Stanford law professor, will introduce Justice Richard Goldstone, the chief prosecutor of International War Crimes Tribunal at The Hague, who will discuss the work of the UN War Crimes Tribunals.

5 p.m. Reception at Bolivar House

7 p.m. Conclusions

A closing session will include David Krieger, president of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, speaking on "Nuremberg and Nuclear Weapons"; James D. Morrow, a senior research fellow of the Hoover Institution, on "Can the Laws of War Work?"; and Kurt T. Gaubatz, a Stanford political scientist speaking on "The Law of W