Stanford open for employees and students Thursday; it was a recovery day on 'The Farm'

Ed Souza Tents pitched the first night after the '89 quake

Some students spent the first night after the quake sleeping outside.

Stanford University will be open for business Thursday, October 19, but it won't be business as usual.

Stanford President Donald Kennedy announced that classes will resume, but added that those buildings either deemed unsafe or not fully inspected will not be used.

"Classes will be on tomorrow except in those buildings not proven to be safe," he said.

Libraries will not be open, Kennedy said.

He said all employees should report to work, but no one will be forced to work in an uncleared building.

Information concerning which buildings are safe to enter, will be available after 8 p.m. Wednesday from special a "hot line" at 723-2862 or by listening to KZSU FM at 90.1.

The Saturday football game with the University of Utah is still scheduled but Parent's Weekend has been cancelled.

Praise from the president

Kennedy praised the University community for its work during the quake.

"I have a sense of great gratitude for this community for reacting as it always does, that is to say, splendidly," Kennedy said on KZSU, the Stanford radio station.

About 200 students were still without homes as their dorms remained uncleared. They will be found other places to stay.

Kennedy urged the faculty to be flexible about homework assignments due this week.

No major injuries were reported in the quake, the second worst earthquake in U.S. history.

Twenty-two teams of engineers quickly spread across the campus to inspect buildings Wednesday morning. They categorized them as red (unsafe, do not enter), orange (limited, off-limits to unauthorized personnel) and green (inspected, no restrictions in use).

Notices were placed on the doors of each building and those buildings deemed unsafe were taped off.

The teams were mobilized from the University staff, including many facilities project managers, and faculty, staff and graduate student structural engineers. Teams will be reassembled Thursday morning to continue the inspection.

Su Schaffer, vice president for administration, said the inspections took longer than anyone thought.

Inspectors said the cleanup would take days in many buildings where there was little structural damage. On some buildings, fallen books, broken fixtures and other debris made the damage "look worse than it actually is," said Haresh Shah, chairman of the civil engineering department, who led the inspection teams.

Student and staff volunteers were plentiful Wednesday, but there was little work for them to do except for those trained in structural engineering or food services, said Catherine Milton, director of the Haas Public Service Center. Staff members said they could not organize office clean-ups until they knew it was safe for them to occupy the building.

The worst damage may have been at Memorial Church, the historic Stanford landmark that withstood the great 1906 earthquake and was rebuilt in 1913.

Robert Gregg, dean of the chapel, said the interior of the church suffered considerable damage. Large pieces of plaster fell from the dome area and one of the supporting arches near the keystone appears to have slipped, he said.

"Clearly the church will not be available for public events, services, or concerts for some time, or at least until we have a thorough damage assessment," he said.

Some of the wood in the pews was splintered in half. One of the angels appears to be loose on its mounting and a wing had fallen off.

Another seriously damaged building was the historic Geology Corner, which suffered large cracks in the walls and has serious structural problems.

Officials at the School of Earth Sciences said it was difficult to keep faculty and students from entering Geology Corner. "People want to get their stuff," said Ruth Sloan, associate dean of the school.

The third floor of the Graduate School of Business had its windows bowed out, tiles were down and there may be asbestos problems. The entire area was closed off.

John Rutherford, of a San Francisco structural engineering firm, said the GSB had "more damage than I've seen anywhere else." He said there were numerous cracks in the building's shear walls, which provide lateral support to the building.

He said there is "no collapse hazard."

"Overall, the campus came through well, including the older buildings," he said.

The old engineering building, now used for foreign languages, also was badly damaged. It suffered structural harm, particularly on the third floor.

Kitchens working in full swing

Food services was almost completely operational for students, and was also capable of feeding the more than 1,000 volunteers who returned to the campus Wednesday.

Frank Riddle, University comptroller, said his staff moved to the Serra Street Building from Encina Hall, and began using Macintoshes as "smart terminals." The result is that the University will meet its payroll on Friday, including direct deposits.

The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), was undamaged by the quake even though the two-mile long accelerator runs right across the San Andreas fault. SLAC was not running experiments when the quake struck.

The Forsythe Data Center suffered no loss of data or damage, according to Tom Prussing, senior computer operator. All three systems turned themselves off automatically when the quake hit, and stayed off until data center personnel brought the systems up again between 9 and 10 p.m. the same night.

Several of the large disk drives were displaced by about a foot by the quake's movements, he said, "but they kept right on whirring" until the system shut down and were not damaged.

No information appears to have been lost, and there are no problems with any of the three systems, according to Wayne Duckworth of the Data Center. He said the data center building was designed to withstand earthquakes, and "came through with flying colors," he said.

Three research biology labs in the Keck Building, a general science research facility, were "completely trashed," said Robert Simoni, chairman of biological sciences. Everybody's research (there) was affected," he said.

Flooding in the building was stopped by turning the water mains off. Water was not returned as of Wednesday evening.

The flume hoods over the laboratory tables were not drawing air at the required levels, and the labs will not be usable until they are repaired.

The teaching laboratories in the Hen-in building sustained only minimal damage to the building and its contents, and have been declared safe.

Cowell Student Health Center suffered some damage, generally cracks all over the building, Weinstein said. The cracks were increasing with time, and there were some problems with the heavy ventilation equipment on the roof.

Other areas of concern, including the laboratory where toxic chemicals were spilled, and the X-ray area, have been cleaned up. Weinstein said the staff decided on its own to show up for work and the center was open Wednesday with a full staff.

The infirmary on the second floor was closed and will not be open until the building has been inspected and declared safe.

Some 32 students reported to the Cowell Student Health Center in the hours following the quake for injuries sustained in the temblor, according to Dr. Harvey Weinstein, director of the center.

They suffered mostly from lacerations requiring suturing, strains and some minor head traumas, he said.

'No major injuries were reported'

"After 9 p.m., it was the usual stomachache and poison oak kind of thing," he said. "No major injuries were reported.

"Obviously, we have not been able to test all of them for data loss, but we arc not aware of any so far," said associate dean Thomas McBride.

Faculty, staff and students will be asked to help with cleaning up in the library, where books were tumbled onto the floor, as normal teaching cannot proceed without the library.

Phil Leighton of the University Libraries reported that the Branner Earth Sciences Library had water problems.

He also said that tiered stacks in Green West were in good condition, but there was serious damage elsewhere. Green East has books on the floor, as does Meyer and the Mathematics and Computer Science library. Meyer's ceiling also is askew.

Leighton estimated that 500,000 books were on the floor. That number did not include the Hoover Institution.

Bookshelves fell in many buildings, including Old Union and the Bechtel International Center. A bookshelf fell over on one woman at Bechtel, but she was able to crawl out and was not hurt, said Marcia Makino, a foreign student adviser.

A travelling exhibition of ceramic sculptures by the Belgian sculptor Vermeersch was badly damaged in the quake, said Lorenz Eitner, chairman of the Art Department and curator of the Stanford Art Gallery.

None of the paintings in the gallery was damaged but "a considerable portion" of the Vermeersch collection, on loan from the Belgian government, were. Eitner is trying to reach Brussels to tell them of the damage.

None of the extensive Rodin collection was damaged, Eitner said.

Einter said he thought the museum was damaged enough to cause it to be closed for a while.

*       *       *

For the Stanford community, the earthquake was a varied, and happily, not as tragic an experience as that of many other people in the Bay Area. Some things, in fact, were unaffected.

Despite the chaos, 15 of the 28 law firm representatives scheduled to conduct placement interviews showed up on time Wednesday.

"And so did our law students," said Constance Hellyer of the law school publications office. "In their best suits."

The interviews were conducted outdoors in the courtyard of the law school.

The Los Angeles String Quartet was scheduled to play in the Donner lounge Tuesday evening, and did. To hear the music, students had to disable the lounge's fire alarm and wrapped a towel around another in the lobby. The quartet played for an hour and a half accompanied by alarms going off in other buildings.

"The thing that made it (the earthquake) worse, was the alarms going off for the next two hours," said Caroline Clevenger, a junior and resident assistant in the dorm.

Students and faculty of the business school were gathering for a social mixer outside the building when the quake hit.

"The business school building was swaying quite a bit, but the only thing that fell off our tables out here (on the patio) was one pumpkin," said Ken Sawyer, a second year business student. "People ran to the open areas."

An hour later, several hundred students and faculty were still mixing and nibbling cheese, although conversations were difficult over the steady buzz of building emergency alarm systems.

The cook crew of Synergy, the cooperative house, was working in the kitchen when the quake hit, and "there is now miso soup all over the floor," said Jay Swan, a junior. "The floor is a sea of zucchini and soup," said JeffTumlin, also a junior.

The chickens in the back yard returned to normal egg laying, although they ran under a bush when the earthquake started, according to Eric Rose, a junior at Synergy.

At the Oval, several instructors taught their classes sitting on the grass and students ate and read on the patio ofTresidder Union as usual. They went scrambling away from the building overhangs, however, when the plate glass windows wiggled briefly during an aftershock at 5:45 p.m.

At Phi Psi, another cooperative house, where two chimneys crashed to the ground, students sat on cars in the parking lot and played bongo drums, clay drums, tambourines and a flute in a late night jam session. Fifteen to 20 students went to the Oval to spend the night, said Jon King a sophomore at Phi Psi.

"It really hasn't soaked in yet," he said.

Hjortur Thrainsson, a graduate student studying earthquake engineering, found he was living "a full-size laboratory" in the temblor. He and an Italian visiting scholar, Zonno Gaetana, were attached to one of the inspection teams. They didn't find much structural damage.

The women's basketball team was practicing on the parking lot near Maples Pavilion. The Stanford water polo team was in the pool, and the tennis courts were crowded with students taking advantage of the day off.

At Angell Field, the Stanford band and the Dollies practiced for the football game on Saturday, working on the assumption the game had not been postponed.

Not everything was completely normal, however. Jon Sherman, the band manager suggested the band shack was neater after the quake than before.

But experts warned that the psychological effects of the earthquake remained to be felt.

Alejandro Martinez, staff psychologist at Counselling and Psychological Services at Cowell, said that reactions so far have not been unusual, but were the kind that had been expected.

Martinez said that he and other staff members have heard varying reactions from students ranging from "What's the big deal?" to great concern for their own safety.

"I think it will take weeks before the full range of reactions have surfaced," he said.

"Students are experiencing sadness, frustration over the disruption, and are still coming to terms with the fact that they have just confronted a real, serious danger and were basically unable to do anything about it."

The staff has set up a drop-in counseling center at Tresidder.

Martinez said that he and other counselors are "trying to arrange ourselves so as to return to normality as soon as possible, without ignoring the truth that something terribly dramatic has occurred."