New CISAC fellows to pursue broader homeland security strategies

Program to team with Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey to develop computer simulation for better anti-terrorism exercises

Eight scholars have been awarded a new multidisciplinary fellowship to investigate ways governments and agencies can be organized to respond more effectively to terrorism.

The Organizational Learning and Homeland Security Fellowship, based at Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation, is funded by a $1.65 million contract from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

"This [fellowship] allows us to think about some very hard issues in homeland security," said Lynn Eden, associate director for research at the center, which is part of the Stanford Institute for International Studies. "We're looking for really good scholarship. It's a way of increasing the pool of knowledge related to a problem that's going to be around for a long time."

The fellowship program, which starts this fall, is part of a joint project with the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey. The school, in turn, will develop and conduct computer simulations to help DHS run more effective anti-terrorism exercises. Fellows will be in residence at the center for up to nine months, participate in monthly seminars and produce dissertation chapters, draft articles or book manuscripts.

Center co-director Scott Sagan and former co-director Michael May are the project's joint principal investigators. In addition to Eden, who will manage Stanford's participation in the program and mentor the fellows, law Assistant Professor Mariano-Florentino Cuellar will investigate how judicial review processes affect responses to terrorism. Furthermore, Dean Wilkening, director of the center's science program, will investigate uncertainties in biological weapons use, including effects caused by different exposure rates and doses of contaminants such as anthrax.

Following is a list of fellows who were selected from a pool of about 30 applicants and what they will study:

Charles Perrow, professor emeritus of sociology, Yale University, will research the origins of the creation of the Department of Homeland Security.

Marc Ventresca, fellow at Wolfson College, Oxford University, and visiting associate professor at the University of California-Irvine, will carry out a review of the literature on organizational learning.

Michael Kenney, assistant professor of public policy, Pennsylvania State University-Harrisburg, will look at competitive learning in terms of the strategic interaction between terrorists and counterterrorists, and how each party tries to learn from vulnerabilities exposed in public emergencies.

Laura Donohue, Stanford Law School student, will work on a book on counterterrorism and the relationship between civil liberties and homeland security issues.

Manas Baveja, graduate student in the School of Engineering, will work on a mathematical and computational analysis of U.S. homeland security Issues.

Dara Cohen, graduate student in political science, will look at the efficacy of post-9/11 domestic security legislation.

Tonya Putnam, graduate student in political science, will conduct research on U.S. extraterritorial law.

Jacob Shapiro, graduate student in political science, will study the organizational consequences of terrorist motivation.

According to Eden, the center was awarded the contract partly as a result of its role as an observer of TOPOFF-2 (Top Officials-2) that took place in May 2003. The U.S. State Department/DHS-sponsored full-scale exercise was designed to prepare national, state and local officials to respond to potential terrorist attacks within the United States. The center led a contingent of 11 scholars from Stanford who observed and analyzed the exercise involving officials from 25 federal, state and local agencies. DHS Secretary Tom Ridge received a briefing of the center's findings, based on a synthesis of the exercise prepared by Putnam, Eden said.