Stanford Report Online

Stanford Report, January 17, 2001

Minutes from the January 11 Faculty Senate meeting

Report No. 6



At its meeting on Thursday, January 11, 2001, the Senate of the Academic Council heard reports and took the following actions:

By unanimous voice vote, on recommendation of the Committee on Academic Appraisal and Achievement, conferred bachelors degrees on the Autumn Quarter candidates listed in revised Senate Document #5150.

By unanimous voice vote, on recommendation of the Committee on Graduate Studies, conferred the various advanced degrees on the Autumn Quarter candidates listed in revised Senate Document #5151.


Academic Secretary to the University


Call to Order

Senate Chair Brad Osgood called the meeting to order at 3:23 p.m. in the Panofsky Auditorium at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. There were approximately 37 voting members, 7 ex-officio members, and many guests in attendance. He thanked everyone for coming on "the first Senate field trip," adding, to laughter, that Academic Secretary Schofield was "unavoidably in Hawaii."

Approval of Minutes

The minutes of the November 30, 2000 meeting of Senate XXXIII (SenD#5152) were approved as submitted.

Action Calendar: Conferral of Degrees

The Senate, by unanimous voice vote, conferred bachelors degrees on the Autumn Quarter candidates listed in Senate Document #5150 (revised), as recommended by the Committee on Academic Appraisal and Achievement. The Senate, by unanimous voice vote, also conferred the various advanced degrees on the Autumn Quarter candidates listed in Senate Document #5151 (revised), as recommended by the Committee on Graduate Studies. The Chair explained that revised degree lists, reflecting several deletions and additions, were available from the Academic Secretary or the Registrar.

Memorial Resolutions

The Chair introduced Emeritus SLAC Director Professor Wolfgang Panofsky to present brief memorial statements in honor of his colleagues Robert Mozley and Joseph Murray, on behalf of a committee consisting of himself and Professors Richard Taylor and Charles Prescott. The full text of both resolutions was included in Senate packets and will be published in the Stanford Report. Following each memorial statement, those present stood for the traditional moment of silence.

Professor Joseph J. Murray died on January 29, 1996, at the age of 72. He had been a valuable member of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center faculty from 1974 until his early retirement in 1989. He received his Ph.D. degree at California Institute of Technology in 1954. Professor Murray's major contribution at SLAC was the design of particle beams feeding various high-energy physics instruments. He participated in extensive research work at SLAC, in particular using the 82-inch bubble chamber. Professor Murray was an expert in many aspects of beam design and he pioneered the use of a back-scattered laser beam in creating monochromatic x-ray beams. He was also a major force in designing the beam optics for SLAC's pioneering linear collider. Throughout his work Professor Murray adhered to extremely high standards both for himself and his colleagues. Several times he refused to consent to publishing results because some very minor inconsistencies of the data offended him. His high standards made him both a highly admired but also at times a critical colleague in a collaboration. Joe led a private, even secluded life, but enjoyed friends, family and nature. He loved the sea and was an accomplished diver. SLAC and all of Stanford University owe him a great deal.

Robert F. Mozley, Professor Emeritus at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, died on May 24, 1999 at the age of 82. Professor Mozley received his Ph.D. degree from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1950. He moved to Stanford University in 1953 and conducted experiments first at the MARK III Linear Accelerator of the High Energy Physics Laboratory and subsequently at SLAC. He made major contributions to many fields in high-energy particle physics. In his later years, Mozley became interested in arms control and published a textbook on nuclear proliferation. Professor Mozley was a quiet, but exceedingly effective leader in high-energy particle physics. As an experimental physicist, he was inventive, hardworking, and resourceful. Throughout his career, he tackled important problems that challenged human ingenuity. Always deeply and genuinely concerned for everyone, he was respected by coworkers and colleagues for his fair and honest approach to problems. His contributions to science, his gracious personality, and his friendly cooperation will be long remembered by everyone who knew him.

Report from the Senate Steering Committee

Osgood thanked the Academic Secretary and Professor John Jaros (SLAC) for cooking up the idea of having the Senate meet at SLAC. He reminded everyone that the day's agenda included an interesting report from SLAC Director Jonathan Dorfan followed by a special tour of the SLAC facilities beginning at approximately 4:00 p.m. The Chair welcomed Dean Orr (School of Earth Sciences) back from sabbatical, and Professor Claude Steele (Psychology) who was joining Senate this quarter for the remainder of a two-year term. Osgood advised that there was no report from the Committee on Committees.

Reports from the President and the Provost

President Hennessy had no report. Provost Etchemendy expressed his excitement about the previously announced appointment of Dr. Philip Pizzo as the new Dean of the Medical School. He said that Pizzo, Chief of the Children's Hospital in Boston and Chairman of the Harvard Pediatrics Department, would be arriving at Stanford in March. Provost Etchemendy advised that Professor David Brady (Political Science and Graduate School of Business) had assumed the post of Acting Vice Provost for Learning Technologies and Extended Education, at least until the end of the academic year. The Provost also announced that Bob Reidy had been appointed as Vice Provost for Land and Buildings assuming responsibility for development and operation of campus facilities and for land use decisions concerning all Stanford lands, including income producing properties.

Lastly, the Provost announced the membership of the search committee for the next Dean of Humanities and Sciences: Professors Ellen Markman (Psychology), Co-Chair with the Provost; Elizabeth Bernhardt (German Studies and Stanford Language Center); John Bravman (Materials Sciences and Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education); Patricia Burchat (Physics); Gunnar Carlsson (Mathematics); John Ferejohn (Political Science); Brad Gregory (History); Bettye Price (staff member, Biological Sciences); Claude Reichard (Senior Lecturer, English); John Rickford (Linguistics), Jeffrey Schnapp (French & Italian and Comparative Literature); Tim Stearns (Biological Sciences); and Nancy Tuma (Sociology). He said that a student was yet to be named by the ASSU and that Associate Provost Stephanie Kalfayan would staff the committee. There were no questions for the President or the Provost.

Report from the Director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SenD#5155)

The Chair reminded members of the Senate tradition of receiving reports on a regular basis from school deans and senior academic officers, noting however that it had been almost 20 years since they had heard a report on SLAC. Osgood introduced Professor Jonathan Dorfan, a member of the SLAC faculty since 1984 and Director since Fall 1999, succeeding Professor Burton Richter.

Professor Dorfan welcomed Senate guests to SLAC. He joked that making up 20 years in 20 minutes would be awfully difficult, and indicated that there would be time to respond to Senators' questions during the SLAC tour to follow. Dorfan began with a short history of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, a government-owned facility operated by Stanford on 430 acres of land leased to the Federal government. Conceived in the late 1950s by faculty on campus, it was approved by the Trustees in 1962, and the accelerator was designed and constructed under the direction of Pief Panofsky between 1963 and 1967. Dorfan explained that SLAC is used by the international community for peer-reviewed, fundamental research projects, and that all work is open and published, none of it classified. "SLAC remains at the frontier of science by replicating itself, upgrading and making additions to the initial complement of accelerators, which were rather brilliantly conceived by Pief and his collaborators," Dorfan said. The two main programs at the laboratory both derive their science from accelerators. In high-energy physics and particle astrophysics, 28 active faculty members study what are the ultimate fundamental building blocks of nature, what are the forces that interact between these building blocks, and, more recently, an overlap with issues of the birth and the evolution of the universe." A complementary program in synchrotron radiation -- extremely high intensity x-ray beams -- allows 17 professors, most with joint appointments in other Stanford departments, to pursue diverse studies in physics, biology, chemistry, medicine, and environmental science.

SLAC employs more than 1,000 people, predominantly degreed professionals, Dorfan said. He explained that 50 to 60 additional Stanford faculty members conduct research at SLAC, along with 180 Stanford Ph.D. students and about 75 Stanford postdocs, coming from many departments and schools. SLAC is also an international research facility, with more than 3,000 scientists from about 25 nations doing work at the laboratory. "I think what distinguishes this large accelerator lab from all the other big facilities in the world is its close association with a major research university," Dorfan stated, indicating that the relationship had been mutually beneficial for all involved. He also noted that SLAC generates roughly 600 to 700 publications a year, of which about half end up in peer-reviewed journals.

Dorfan showed slides of the various accelerator beams at SLAC, including the "back bone" two-mile linear accelerator, and as a prelude to the tour, described in layman's terms "what we do with these beams." Accelerators are built to accelerate particles, mostly electrons. After hurtling down SLAC's two-mile accelerator, the electrons have 60 billion times more energy than a household battery. Such a high-energy beam can then be used as a very powerful electron microscope, capable of looking at objects one million times smaller than the nucleus of an atom. Discoveries by Richard Taylor and others about the fundamental building blocks called quarks were thus made possible. Anti-electrons (positrons) can also be created and accelerated. And both electrons and positrons can be injected, in opposite directions, into a circular beam of magnets, producing collisions of very high energies with interesting results. In addition, electrons forced to go around in a circle show their unhappiness by emitting intense, energetic beams of x-rays, creating a "dedicated light source." Scientists are using this light source to study molecular structures in order to understand and combat diseases like osteoporosis and infections. Other uses include avoiding impurities in order to manufacture ever-smaller silicon wafer chips, and moving beyond the human genome to decipher protein structures. SLAC's "B-factory" is focused on chasing the mystery of what happened to all the anti-matter created in the birth of the universe. SLAC is also host to a five-nation collaboration building a large telescope to be launched on a NASA spacecraft in 2005, to measure the position and changes in intensity of all the gamma rays in the sky.

Dorfan concluded his remarks by noting that SLAC is not a static place and has plans to move ahead with new facilities. He encouraged everyone to get out on the buses "to see some of this hardware -- and to kick the tires." Members of the SLAC faculty would be on the tour to answer questions and explain more about particular experiments, he said. The Senate gave Dorfan a warm round of applause.

Chair Osgood, after obtaining a quick motion and a second, declared the formal portion of the meeting adjourned at 4:00 p.m. "Onward to the tour!"

Respectfully submitted,

Susan W. Schofield

Academic Secretary to the University