Stanford Experts

Robert Proctor

Professor of History


(650) 723-0232



Professor Proctor is currently using the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library to explore the history of cigarette design. This includes physical and chemical manipulations by tobacco industry chemists, but also the history of cigarette marketing and the kinds of images used to sell cigarettes. He is also looking at how and why different professional groups have worked for cigarette manufacturers. Other interests include human origins and evolutionary theory, the political history of gemstones, the history of ignorance (agnotology), Nazi science and anthropology, the history of creationism and global climate denialism, and visual representation of phylogenetic trees.