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04/18/95

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Eight from Stanford named to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

STANFORD -- Eight Stanford University scholars have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in recognition of their "distinguished contributions to science, scholarship, public affairs and the arts."

The new fellows elected from Stanford are biologist Anne H. Ehrlich; molecular pharmacologist Avram Goldstein; applied physicist and electrical engineer Stephen E. Harris; computer scientist and electrical engineer John L. Hennessy; physicist Charles Y. Prescott; mechanical engineer William C. Reynolds; economist John B. Shoven, who is also dean of the School of Humanities and Sciences; and classicist Susan Treggiari

In addition, Robert Rosenzweig, former vice president for public affairs at Stanford, was elected in the category of educational and scientific administration. After leaving Stanford in 1983, Rosenzweig served as president of the Association of American Universities.

The academy -- founded in Cambridge, Mass., by John Adams in 1780 -- was chartered "to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest, honor, dignity and happiness of a free, independent and virtuous people."

The election of 162 new fellows and 21 foreign honorary members was announced Friday, April 14. The Stanford community now has 190 scholars elected to the academy, including six affiliated with the Hoover Institution.

Stanford's new fellows include:

  • Anne H. Ehrlich, senior research scientist in biological sciences. Ehrlich has written or co-authored many technical articles on population biology and written extensively on issues of public concern such as population control, environmental protection and the environmental consequences of nuclear war. She also has co-authored a half-dozen books, including Extinction, The Population Explosion and Healing the Planet. Since 1987, Ehrlich has served as associate director and policy coordinator of the Center for Conservation Biology at Stanford. Since 1981, she has taught a course in environmental policy for the Program in Human Biology.
  • Avram Goldstein, professor emeritus in molecular pharmacology. Goldstein joined the Stanford faculty in 1955. He is one of the nation's most respected authorities on neurobiological bases of drug addiction. He performed pioneering work in the search for opioids, opiate-like peptides in the body. His findings include the 1979 identification of dynorphin, a brain chemical 200 times more powerful than morphine. He has been an outspoken public advocate for the need to adequately support drug abuse prevention, treatment and research.
  • Stephen E. Harris, the Kenneth and Barbara Oshman Professor of Electrical Engineering and chair of the Department of Applied Physics. Harris is an expert in laser physics who explores and develops new laser concepts. In particular, he develops lasers that produce extremely short pulses of light and is studying processes that cause materials to become transparent when exposed to electromagnetic fields.
  • John L. Hennessy, the Willard R. and Inez Kerr Bell Professor of Electrical Engineering and professor of computer science. Hennessy is one of the pioneers in the development of RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture that has been incorporated into high-performance computers by IBM, Hewlett- Packard and other computer manufacturers. Not only did he initiate one of the first RISC design projects at Stanford, he also co-founded a company that has helped commercialize the technology. His research interests are building very high performance computers and making them useful for a wide variety of applications.
  • Charles Y. Prescott, professor of physics at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Prescott is currently involved in the Stanford Linear Detector collaboration to measure how the electron interacts with a subatomic particle called the Z Boson. Using the polarized electron beams of the SLAC facility, the researchers have been able to obtain the most precise single measurement of an important type of particle interaction called the electroweak process. His previous research projects include studying electron-positron annihilation, measurements of quark lifetimes, and development of a laser-driven source of polarized electrons that are injected into the linear accelerator beam.
  • William C. Reynolds, the Donald W. Whittier Professor of Mechanical Engineering. Reynolds is an international authority on fluid mechanics. Among other things, he has studied the nature of both smooth and turbulent flow around solid objects, fluid mechanics in zero gravity and air flow within internal combustion engine cylinders. He currently is developing a new type of structure- based turbulence model that shows promise for prediction of turbulent flows of engineering interest. He is one of the principal faculty involved in the Center for Turbulence Research, and holds a part-time appointment as a staff scientist at the NASA/Ames Research Center.
  • John B. Shoven, the Charles Schwab Professor of Economics and dean of the School of Humanities and Sciences. Shoven is a former director of the Center for Economic Policy Research at Stanford as well as of the West Coast Office of the National Bureau of Economic Research, which is located on campus. A fellow of the Econometric Society, Shoven is the author or editor of 10 books and more than 80 articles, mostly dealing with public finance, taxation and pension plans, including various aspects of Social Security. He often has testified before Congress, and chaired a Stanford task force on faculty and staff retirement in 1989.
  • Susan M. Treggiari, the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences and professor of classics. Treggiari is recognized as one of the world's leading authorities on the social history of ancient Rome. She joined the Classics Department in 1982, and served as chair from 1987 to 1990. Her major field of interest is the role of freedmen, slaves and women in the society of ancient Rome. Her recent book, Roman Marriage, makes use of a variety of sources, from buildings to epitaphs on tombs to literary material of all kinds, including plays, poetry and history, as well as legal sources, both statutes and commentaries on the law.

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