Austerity programs hurt children, say Stanford scholars
As governments slash programs for the poor, Stanford Professor Paul Wise says there is an urgent need to discuss the impact of austerity measures on children's health.
Austerity programs in several countries in North America and Europe are resulting in cuts to services for poor families that will have lasting impacts on children's health and well-being, warns Paul Wise, a Stanford expert on child health.
"There are shifts in the demography of the United States, for example, that have meant reallocation of resources from the young to the old in ways never seen before," Wise said. "And at the same time, the political power of older Americans continues to be far greater than young adults and children."
Wise is a senior fellow at Stanford's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI). Researchers at FSI, the Center on Poverty and Inequality and the School of Medicine, where Wise is also a professor, are working across disciplines to gather analytical evidence on these issues for policymakers.
The state of children in developed democracies was the subject of a recent conference at Stanford that brought together leading scholars in medicine, child welfare, politics and economics. Wise hosted the group as part of his involvement in the International Network for Research on Inequalities in Child Health, or INRICH.
Wise said that spending on programs that help children is being slashed with little public discussion. He warns that such cuts will further hurt families already suffering the effects of the recession and undermine efforts to create a vibrant and just society.
"It's a new kind of problem that we haven't faced before," Wise said. "Because of the fractious political debates and relatively weak voice of young families and children, there is some urgency to raise these issues."
Researchers at the conference said there is evidence that policy changes that improve programs for poor children and families have positive effects.
A dramatic reduction in poverty among the elderly in the United States is in large measure because of focused policies and programs, the researchers said. Initiatives to reduce child poverty in Scandinavian countries and the United Kingdom have also proven effective.
The speakers at the conference included Francis Fukuyama, a professor of international political economy and a senior fellow at FSI; David Grusky, a professor of sociology and the director of the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality; and Dr. Sanjay Basu, an assistant professor of medicine at the Stanford Prevention Research Center.