Around the Farm

Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences —

Poor outlook for biodiversity in Antarctica, study finds

An interdisciplinary group of researchers – including second author Cassandra Brooks, Stanford doctoral candidate – compared Antarctic biodiversity and its management with global trends to determine the region’s outlook is more similar to the rest of the world than previously believed. The Antarctic region, which is home to a wide array of native species, drives global Earth systems processes such as climate, ocean circulation, and sea level rise.

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory —

Dark matter next door? Astrophysicists discuss the surprising glow of the Andromeda galaxy

Astronomers recently discovered a stronger-than-expected glow of gamma rays at the center of the Andromeda galaxy, the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way. The signal has fueled hopes that scientists are zeroing in on a sign of dark matter, which is five times more prevalent than normal matter but has never been detected directly.

Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research —

What is killing the US coal industry?

The rise of cheap Western coal has been one of the most significant contributors to the decline of Eastern coal and the jobs that go with it. Another area of technological change with different implications for coal is the revolution in oil and gas extraction over the past decade or so — hydraulic fracturing (fracking) combined with precision horizontal drilling and the exploitation of unconventional gas deposits.